CPD: From Cloudy to Clear – Effusions Made Easy

CPD: From Cloudy to Clear – Effusions Made Easy

Introduction An effusion is the fluid that can accumulate in a body cavity due to various different pathologies. Mechanistically, effusions are caused by transudation, exudation, rupture of a blood/lymph vessel/ hollow organ, or neoplasia. Types of effusions include transudates and exudates, but also haemorrhagic effusions, chyle and uroperitoneum.  The composition of the fluid gives clues… Continue Reading

The ABCs of Veterinary Dentistry: When Waiting is Wishful Thinking

Jan Bellows, DVM, DAVDC, DABVP, FAVD Sometimes waiting to perform treatment is the best course of action when a patient presents with dental concerns, as noted in the August issue of dvm360® (“The ABCs of veterinary dentistry: W is for waiting to treat”). But other times waiting is simply not an option—the patient’s problem needs… Continue Reading

Help with Challenges in Eyelid Surgery

Ron Ofri, DVM, PhD, DECVO Conditions in which the eyelid rubs against the eyeball, as well as drooping eyelids, can only be corrected surgically. Here’s a look at the appropriate procedures for various conditions. Proper eyelid anatomy is essential for protecting the globe, as well as for distributing the tear film on the ocular surface.… Continue Reading

How to Engage Cat Owners in Life-Long Preventive Care

Eric D. Garcia Simply Done Tech Solutions, LLC Tampa, Florida, USA Ericgarciafl.com “Time spent with cats is never wasted.” – Sigmund Freud The unique relationships we form with animals is something of a spiritual experience. The way that they can sense our emotions, or that we can read their moods just by looking at their… Continue Reading

Ocular Ultrasonography in Small Animals Part 1: Patient Preparation, Technique and Normal Appearance

Sam Mauchlen MRCVS BVM&S Ultrasound is used routinely by veterinary ophthalmologists to evaluate ocular and orbital structures. Ultrasonographic assessment of eye facilitates the examination of intraocular structures in cases where pathology is obscuring the normal anatomy and can aid in the detection and evaluation of intraocular conditions such as neoplasia. Additionally, ultrasound can be used… Continue Reading

The Blue Patient: Approach to Respiratory Emergencies in Small Animals

Atkinson, B.K. BSc Veterinary Biology, BVSc Veterinary Science (Hons), MMedVet (Small Animal Medicine) Resident. University of Pretoria, Onderstepoort Veterinary Academic Hospital, Old Soutpan Road (M35), Onderstepoort, Pretoria, 0110. Email: brogan.atkinson@up.ac.za Respiratory distress is a common clinical emergency veterinarians are faced with. Respiratory pathology may be the reason these animals are presented or be the unfortunate… Continue Reading

An Overview of Interdog Aggression

Dr Aileen Pypers, BSc, BVSc (UP), PGDip (SU) Many people who share their homes and lives with a dog have more than one dog and while this can enrich and improve the lives of the people and the dogs in this situation, it can also lead to a situation where dogs living together in a… Continue Reading

Suicide Prevention: How to be Someone’s Person

After I shared my own story with the veterinary world regarding depression and suicidal thoughts, I learned how valuable it is to be there for that person and how an inch can, in fact, be a mile. Question: What’s the difference between enjoying the scenery and falling off a cliff? Answer: One inch. Earlier this… Continue Reading

The ABCs of Veterinary Dentistry: ‘W’ is for Waiting to Treat

When it comes to dental care, sometimes the best course of action is no action at all. I can vividly remember back in 1974 when Dr. Wiggins, one of my professors at Auburn University College of Veterinary Medicine, advised us students to wait until a deciduous “double” tooth falls out by itself. Fast forward many… Continue Reading

From Periphery to Perception: The Pathway to Pain

Sarah Mouton Dowdy In explaining how a noxious stimulus in the periphery becomes an electrical impulse in the cerebral cortex, veterinary anaesthesiologist Dr. Mike Barletta ultimately makes a case for multimodal pain management. Physiologic pain, or acute adaptive pain—the kind that prompts you to pull your hand away when you touch a hot stove, can… Continue Reading

Diagnosis and Management of GI Motility Disorders

Albert E. Jergens, DVM, PhD, DACVIM Gastrointestinal motility disorders are a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge for many practitioners. Here’s how to narrow down the affected area so you can identify the cause and provide appropriate treatment. Gastrointestinal (GI) motility disturbances are widely under recognised in dogs and cats, primarily because we do not have good… Continue Reading

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