From Cloudy to Clear – Effusions Made Easy

Introduction An effusion is the fluid that can accumulate in a body cavity due to various different pathologies. Mechanistically, effusions are caused by transudation, exudation, rupture of a blood/lymph vessel/ hollow organ, or neoplasia. Types of effusions include transudates and exudates, but also haemorrhagic effusions, chyle and uroperitoneum.  The composition of the fluid gives clues… Continue Reading

Heartwater in Cattle and Small Ruminants

By Dr. P.H. Mapham, BVSc (Hon) and Dr. J.H. Vorster, BVSc, MMedVet(Path) Introduction According to Dr PG Marais heartwater was first diagnosed in the North-eastern Transvaal in 1838 (now Mpumalanga) and he makes the interesting comment that the actual origin of the disease is unknown and that it is doubtful whether the disease is indigenous to South… Continue Reading

1. Cognitive Dysfunction of Ageing Dogs and 2. Nutrition and Anti-Oxidants

By Dr Liesel van der Merwe This short article attempts to summarise the most salient and practical aspects of the oxidative stress in the body and what mechanisms the body employs to minimise manage it. Oxidative stress is a by-product of daily metabolic functions which enable living. The majority of complex life on earth requires oxygen for its existence… Continue Reading

Actinobacillus equuli infections in Equines

Dr R D Last – BVSc, M.Med.Vet (Pathology) Specialist Veterinary Pathologist   Introduction. Actinobacillus equuli are the most common Actinobacillus spp of horses and account for most of the equine infections. These are gram-negative, pleomorphic, commensal bacteria belonging to the family Pasteurellaceae. This bacterium is the most common cause of embolic suppurative nephritis and septicaemia… Continue Reading

Lumpy Skin Disease of Springbok

Dr R D Last – BVSc; M.Med.Vet (Pathology) Specialist Veterinary Pathologist   Introduction. Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is a well-known, presumed insect transmitted, capripox viral infection of cattle, endemic to most African countries, although since 2012 there has been rapid spread through the Middle East, Southeast Europe, the Balkans, Caucasus, Russia and Kazakhstan. Clinical lumpy… Continue Reading

Ultrasound course

Ultrasound course on 17 & 18 November 2017 in George.  For more information, visit: https://goo.gl/cV1iZg Continue Reading

Compulsive Disorders in Dogs

Stereotypical behaviour describes repetitive, ritualised, out-of-context locomotor behaviour, such as pacing, circling, or shuffling. Compulsive behaviour was introduced to capture behaviours related to stereotype behaviour, but that are non-locomotor (vocalisation, licking, self-mutilation, staring, holding an object or part of body, staring into space). Today the term compulsive disorder is used as a general term for… Continue Reading

FELINE NEONATAL ISOERYTHROLYSIS

Van der Merwe L.L. BVSc Hons MMed(Vet) Small Animal Medicine Department of Companion Animal Clinical Studies (Outpatients), Faculty of Veterinary Science, Private Bag X04, Onderstepoort 0110. Lieselvdmvet@gmail.com   Feline Blood Groups Feline blood groups have been characterized as Type A, Type B and Type AB, with Type A being most prevalent. The frequency of the… Continue Reading

Antibiotic Stewardship II

Introduction A series of articles has been planned in order to give veterinarians some insight into certain aspects of the responsible and prudent use of antibiotics and other veterinary medicinal products (VMP). The OIE – Terrestrial Animal Health Code – 30/07/2015 publication was quoted in the previous article regarding the various responsibilities of veterinarians and… Continue Reading

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