Category Archives: Vet360 Vol3 Issue 1

This edition concentrates on cardiology.  Old small breed dogs have dental issues and often also  concurrent heart disease. It is vital to realise that a heart murmur is not a contraindication to performing procedures under GA.  Cognisance needs to be taken of the condition and the protocol adjusted in some patients – but the risk in stable animals should be minimal. The article by Dr Zeiler elaborates on this topic. The article by Dr Leadsom clarifies heart murmurs and hopefully makes  them a little simpler to prioritise. And then Dr Carter has written a neat summary on canine DCM.

I also want to draw your attention to the congress offered by the National Veterinary Clinicians Group in March. The speakers are extremely well qualified and the case study format promises to be very interesting and educational.

CARDIAC MURMURS in dogs and cats

  Causes, diagnosis, and significance   A murmur is an audible sound produced by vibrations of cardiovascular structures as a result of disturbed or turbulent blood flow replacing normal laminar flow. Fig 1. Laminar and turbulent blood flow There is a critical velocity at which laminar flow becomes turbulent, it is expressed by Reynold`s number… Continue Reading

TOP 5 Liver Conditions in Cats

Craig B. Webb, PhD, DVM, DACVIM (Small Animal) Colorado State University The feline liver is distinctly different from the canine liver in dysfunction, diseases, and normal metabolic function. Feline liver enzymology, while suitable for a carnivorous species, increases susceptibility to insult from drugs, toxins, metabolites, and oxidative stress. The serum biochemistry profile of a cat’s liver reflects differences in enzyme… Continue Reading

Employee relations: Part 2 of 3

This article is the second in a series of three which deal with maintaining positive and mutually fulfilling employee relations within a Vet Practice. The first article dealt with the start of the employment relationship (recruitment, selection and appointment); this one explores the managing of the employment relationship (performance management, the grievance procedure and the… Continue Reading

Can Milk Thistle be Used to Treat Liver Disease?

Hackett ES, Twedt DC, Gustafson DL. Milk thistle and its derivative compounds: a review of opportunities for treatment of liver disease. J Vet Intern Med2013;27(1):10-16. Summarised by Jennifer L. Garcia, DVM, DACVIM Why they did it Natural remedies abound for treating common diseases in people and pets, but what exact role they should play remains… Continue Reading

SDMA Pinpointed as Biomarker for Feline Renal disease Journal Scan

References Summarised by Jennifer L. Garcia, DVM, DACVIM Does this form of testing hold the key to diagnosing deterioration of the kidney in cats earlier? Why they did it Chronic kidney disease in cats is often not recognised in the clinical setting until there is evidence of azotaemia and loss of urine concentrating ability. Identification of… Continue Reading

Effects of Dietary Protein on the Kidneys of Normal Cats and Those With CKD

Liesel van der Merwe BVSC MMedVet (Med)Small Animals Cats are obligate carnivores and require high dietary protein levels and provision of the amino acids, arginine taurine, methionine and cysteine.  Protein has also been demonstrated to be an integral component of glucose and lipid metabolism as well as a vital component in the management of diabetes… Continue Reading

Shampoo therapy in Veterinary Dermatology

Dr Heidi Schroeder BVSc MMedVet(Med) Willow Park Small Animal Medicine Specialist Hospital   Introduction The use of therapeutic shampoos for the treatment of skin diseases has become an integral part of the treatment regimes of Veterinary Dermatology. Veterinarians should know details about the composition of shampoos, their mechanism of action, and when and how to use… Continue Reading

Bad Hips and Knees: Hip Dysplasia or a Torn Cruciate Ligament?

By Jennifer L. Wardlaw, DVM, MS, DACVS VETERINARY MEDICINE It can be difficult to differentiate between these two orthopedic problems. Luckily, the sit test, among other diagnostic evaluations, can help. Differentiating between a torn cruciate ligament and hip dysplasia can be tricky, if not frustrating. In one study, 32% of dogs referred to a surgeon for… Continue Reading

Anaesthesia in Patients Suffering a Heart Murmur

Heart murmurs diagnosed on precordial auscultation are a significant finding that warrant further clinical investigation. The clinical implications of the murmur requires consideration to determine the anaesthetic risk. 2 Patient signalment, presenting complaint, presence of concurrent diseases, exercise tolerance and current medication are important considerations to address during a pre-anaesthetic evaluation. A heart murmur per se is not a contraindication, but rather a caution for general anaesthesia in a patient not showing clinical signs. The drug… Continue Reading

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