Category Archives: CPD Articles

From Cloudy to Clear – Effusions Made Easy

Introduction An effusion is the fluid that can accumulate in a body cavity due to various different pathologies. Mechanistically, effusions are caused by transudation, exudation, rupture of a blood/lymph vessel/ hollow organ, or neoplasia. Types of effusions include transudates and exudates, but also haemorrhagic effusions, chyle and uroperitoneum.  The composition of the fluid gives clues… Continue Reading

Actinobacillus equuli infections in Equines

Dr R D Last – BVSc, M.Med.Vet (Pathology) Specialist Veterinary Pathologist   Introduction. Actinobacillus equuli are the most common Actinobacillus spp of horses and account for most of the equine infections. These are gram-negative, pleomorphic, commensal bacteria belonging to the family Pasteurellaceae. This bacterium is the most common cause of embolic suppurative nephritis and septicaemia… Continue Reading

Lumpy Skin Disease of Springbok

Dr R D Last – BVSc; M.Med.Vet (Pathology) Specialist Veterinary Pathologist   Introduction. Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is a well-known, presumed insect transmitted, capripox viral infection of cattle, endemic to most African countries, although since 2012 there has been rapid spread through the Middle East, Southeast Europe, the Balkans, Caucasus, Russia and Kazakhstan. Clinical lumpy… Continue Reading

FELINE NEONATAL ISOERYTHROLYSIS

Van der Merwe L.L. BVSc Hons MMed(Vet) Small Animal Medicine Department of Companion Animal Clinical Studies (Outpatients), Faculty of Veterinary Science, Private Bag X04, Onderstepoort 0110. Lieselvdmvet@gmail.com   Feline Blood Groups Feline blood groups have been characterized as Type A, Type B and Type AB, with Type A being most prevalent. The frequency of the… Continue Reading

Antibiotic Stewardship II

Introduction A series of articles has been planned in order to give veterinarians some insight into certain aspects of the responsible and prudent use of antibiotics and other veterinary medicinal products (VMP). The OIE – Terrestrial Animal Health Code – 30/07/2015 publication was quoted in the previous article regarding the various responsibilities of veterinarians and… Continue Reading

Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Horses

Dr Rick Last – BVSc; M.Med.Vet (Pathology) Specialist Veterinary Pathologist Vetdiagnostix – Veterinary Pathology Services Group   INTRODUCTION  Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a common neoplasia of equines most often affecting the skin, eyes and genitalia, although a number of cases also affect the oral cavity, guttural pouches, stomach, and urinary bladder.   Cutaneous SCC… Continue Reading

Medetomidine Premedication for Caesarean Section in the Bitch

By K G M De Cramer, BVSc, MMedVet(Gyn), PhD & K E. Joubert  B.V.Sc M.Med Vet (Anaes) The ideal anaesthetic protocol for caesarean section (CS) should provide adequate muscle relaxation, analgesia and narcosis for optimal operating conditions, be safe for the bitch 2 and should not affect the viability and survival of the puppies 3,4. Additional recommendations… Continue Reading

Vaccinations and all its Intricacies

By: Dr Grant van Lelyveld (BVSc.) Technical and Marketing Manager for Ruminants HIPRA Southern Africa (Pty) Ltd.   Why do we vaccinate our herds against diseases like Bovine Viral Diarrhoea (BVD), Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis (IBR), Quarter evil (Clostridial spp.) and other such things, but more importantly how can we ensure that we get the best… Continue Reading

Are all Generics Created Equal?

By Dr Vinny Naidoo   Bioequivalence is the comparison of the plasma profile between the test and reference product. A generic product is bioequivalent to the innovator product and it thus essentially identical – in a species group. There is no pharmacokinetic evidence to support human medicines being generics for veterinary species.    Introduction A… Continue Reading

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