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Vet360 Articles

Are all Generics Created Equal?

By Dr Vinny Naidoo   Bioequivalence is the comparison of the plasma profile between the test and reference product. A generic product is bioequivalent to the innovator product and it thus essentially identical – in a species group. There is no pharmacokinetic evidence to support human medicines being generics for veterinary species.    Introduction A… Continue Reading

CPD: Medial Patella Luxation

By Dr Ross Elliot   INTRODUCTION Medial patella luxation (MPL) is a common developmental orthopaedic condition of the canine patient. Small breed dogs are more commonly affected by the condition than large breed dogs. Patella luxation also occurs in large breeds dogs with medial luxation occurring more commonly than lateral luxation. Medial patella luxation can… Continue Reading

The ABCs of veterinary dentistry “F” is for furcation disease

  The furcation is a normal anatomical region where the roots begin to diverge in a multirooted tooth. Normally, this area is sealed from the oral environment by the periodontium (gingiva, periodontal ligament, alveolar bone, cementum). Accumulation of plaque and calculus buccally often results in periodontal inflammation and infection. Extension of periodontal disease between the… Continue Reading

Nutritional Assessment in Small Animals

Optimal health in dogs and cats is highly dependent on optimal nutrition. It is impossible to know what optimal is for each patient due to variation in age, breed, illness and current nutritional status; without a nutritional assessment on each individual patient. A nutritional assessment should include a dietary history, a full clinical exam, a… Continue Reading

Surgical Tips For Performing Nasal Planum Resection For Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Introduction Nasal planum resection or planectomy is a drastic surgical procedure in the treatment of malignant disease of the nasal cartilage. It involves circumferential resection of the nasal cartilage rostral to the nasal and incisive bone of the maxilla. Even though this is considered drastic surgery mainly due to the appearance of the patient post… Continue Reading

Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Dogs and Cats

  Any tumour growing within (dermal), on (epidermal) or even under the skin (subdermal) should be considered a skin tumour. Some skin tumours are benign (i.e., slow-growing, completely curable with complete resection and don’t spread) while others are malignant (faster growing, invasive, sometimes incurable, and may spread to other organs). In order to classify what… Continue Reading

Trazadone may lessen patient stress while in the veterinary hospital

The SEresults of this study may change up your go-to sedative for your anxious hospitalised veterinary patients. Why they did it The more we know about the detrimental effects of stress in our patients, the more important it is to find ways to minimize stress and improve the welfare of our hospitalized veterinary patients. In… Continue Reading

Epidural Anaesthesia and Analgesia

Consider this straightforward and economical technique to relieve your pa­tients’ pain. And if you haven’t already learned the technique, attend a wet lab or visit a local referral practice. You and your patients will benefit. Preoperative epidural injection of local anaesthet­ics and opioids provides excellent preemptive, multimodal intraoperative analgesia; reduces the concentration of volatile anaesthetic… Continue Reading

Optimal Management of Canine Seizures

Seizures are common in dogs and are characterised by a wide variety of clinical signs/presentations. Epilepsy is a syndrome and not a diagnosis as such, a specific diagnosis as to the cause of the seizure is not made in the majority of cases due to a variety of reason. In epilepsy, survivability depends more on… Continue Reading

Your Practice Needs a Client Communication Co-ordinator

Who has time to send smartphone texts, send and receive medical records, manage online appointments and send patient updates and cute pics to information-hungry pet owners? Here’s why I think everyone needs this new client-facing team member in their veterinary practice. One new change at our practice that is 100 percent client-centric is the addition… Continue Reading

LHPG Articles

Common Foal Emergencies and Diseases

Dr Karin Kruger, BVSc, MSc, DACVIM Equine Specialist Physician 7 Nov 2015 Timing is Everything Neonatal medicine can be extremely rewarding (although incredibly time consuming) if a diagnosis is made and appropriate treatments given timeously. In order to identify abnormalities as soon as possible, all valuable equine births should be observed by a competent person.… Continue Reading

The Effect of Digital Dermatitis on Hoof Conformation

A. Gomez ,*1 N. B. Cook ,* J. Rieman ,* K. A. Dunbar ,* K. E. Cooley ,* M. T. Socha ,† and D. Döpfer * J. Dairy Sci. 98 : 927–936 http://dx.doi.org/ 10.3168/jds.2014-8483 © American Dairy Science Association®, 2015 . Why they did it Digital dermatitis is reported by the authors to be the… Continue Reading

Update on Chlamydia Abortion of Ruminants

Dr Rick Last – Specialist Veterinary Pathologist Vetdiagnostix – Veterinary Pathology Services Introduction The previously revised classification system of the Family Chlamydiaceae (1990) separated the Genus into Chlamydia and Chlamydophila. In 2010 the taxonomists proposed that only a single Genus (Chlamydia) should be considered in the Family and so the Genus Chlamydophila has now fallen… Continue Reading

Endometritis in Cattle

Endometritis in cattle is defined as inflammation of the uterine endometrium more than 21 days post-partum and not associated with systemic signs of illness. It can be divided into clinical endometritis or cytological endometritis based on certain diagnostic criteria. Clinical endometritis is characterised by the presence of a mucopurulent discharge from the vagina. Cytological endometritis… Continue Reading

The effect of cobalt dietary restriction on goats immune responses

Eugene H. Johnson*, Khalid Al-Habsi, Rashid Al-Busaidi, Mohammed Al-Abri. Impaired antibody response and phagocytosis in goats fed a diet low in cobalt. Small Ruminant Research 140 (2016) 27–31. Why they did it Small ruminants, such as sheep develop serious clinical signs of vitamin B12 deficiency when they are fed diets containing low levels of cobalt.… Continue Reading

Barloworld Transport, Meadow Feeds Join to Bring Relief to Pomfret Animals

Issued by Meropa Communications on behalf of Barloworld Transport. For more information, please contact Rosa McLaren, Barloworld Transport Marketing General Manager tel: +27 33 395 7400 | cell: +27 63 407 4362 | rmclaren@bwtrans.co.za | www.barloworld-transport.com July 04, 2016: Thousands of suffering animals in the drought-stricken town of Pomfret in the Kalahari region have been… Continue Reading

Lab Updates

Dr. P.H. Mapham, BVSc (Hon) 78 Craigie Drive Pietermaritzburg, 3201 Tel no: 033 347 2259 Cell No: 082 771 3227 E-mail: rickm@iafrica.com Fluoroquinolone Antibiotics update Many fluoroquinolones have been developed over the years, from the original chloroquine. The various pharmaceutical companies subdivided them into generations, according to structural differences. These structural differences are allied to… Continue Reading

Practice Management is Like Your Practice Cat (Let’s Call Him PM)

ROBIN FREDERICK LINDE BSc (Genetics) ; BVSc ; Cert Business Management (Potch) Article 2 Again to remind you as a practice owner that there are a few things to do this time of the year being the 1st of March and the beginning of a new financial year. Ever heard of KPI’s?? KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS… Continue Reading

Metritis in Cattle

Dr Karin Kruger, BVSc, MSc, DACVIM Equine Specialist Physician 7 Nov 2015 Acute puerperal metritis is a condition affecting the postpartum cow most commonly 1 week after calving however may extend to the first three weeks postpartum. It is characterised by an enlarged uterus with a watery, red-brown, fetid vaginal discharge and a temperature ≥… Continue Reading

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